The Israeli population, measured by a census, stands at between 7,000,000 and 7,500,000.
In the 1990s, the population’s growth rate was approximately 3% a year. Nowadays the situation is changing with a 1.7% annual growth rate for the Jewish population compared to a 2.5% growth rate for the Arab population. The age structure shows a healthy spread by age group.
According to a recent census,
• Jews: Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Italian Jews, Indian Jews, Ethiopian Jews
• Arabs: Muslim (Sunni and Shia), Christian, Druze and Bedouin
• Christians: Ethiopian, Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian
Due to the high birth rate among religious and traditionalists in comparison to secular groups,