World Clock
Hong Kong  06:11
New York  18:11
Mumbai  03:41
Jerusalem  00:11
Brussels  23:11
Moscow  02:11
Home > Virtual Office > Birthstones By Month > March - Aquamarine

March - Aquamarine




Chemical formula:  Be3Al2Si6O18

Group: Beryl

Color: Azure, blue-green

Mohs scale hardness: 2.7

Specific gravity: 2.7

Retractive index: 1.56-1.57

Crystal system: Hexagonal  

Zodiac: Aries  

Planet: Neptune

Origin of the Name

Aquamarine got its name from the Latin “aqua” (water) and “mar” (sea), as the gem's blue-green color is reminiscent of sea water.

Aquamarine in Judaism

In Jewish tradition, the aquamarine is believed to be the Tarshish gem, which was one of the Hoshen stones – the gems adorning the ceremonial breastplate worn by the high priest of the ancient Israelites.

According to 17th century Rabbi Eliyahu Hacohen's Midrash, the aquamarine has various healing attributes, including alleviating shortness of breath and developing intelligence.

Both Rashi and 14th century Rabbi Behaye associated aquamarine to the Tribe of Asher, one of the 12 tribes of Israel. The link between the two is derived from aquamarine's green shade, which resembled the color of olive oil, and which the tribe of Asher produced.

gem stone
Courtesy of ICA

Characteristics and Healing Attributes

Many ancient cultures believed aquamarines symbolized hope and the promise of a better future, as well as heroism and eternal love.

In the Middle Ages, aquamarine was associated with precognition and was also used in treating eye ailments. Its color made it the symbol of youth and happiness and it was also used as an amulet against accidents.

Aquamarines were also known as “the stones of eternal life,” and were considered lucky for their owner. Some believed aquamarines could enhanced articulacy, as well as soothe eye and throat aches.

gem stone
Aquamarine and diamonds by Orana

Historical Background

Jewelry design in Roman times included matching the color of the gems used to the intended topic. Due to the aquamarine’s bluish tint it was often used to depict the gods of the sea.

In the Middle Ages, soothsayers would use aquamarines – also referred to as “the magic mirror” – to tell the future.

Saint Edward's Crown, which is the official coronation crown of the English Royal Court, features a large aquamarine. Set with 444 diamonds and gems, St. Edward's Crown is one of the oldest British Crown jewels.

Leopold I of Austria purchased a 492 carat aquamarine, circa 1600.

A 1,650 carat aquamarine was believed to be in the possession of a Portuguese military order when Portugal ruled over Brazil, which had aquamarine deposits. 

Aquamarines are believed to have been a particular favorite of Catherine the Great of Russia as the stones were mined in that country.

During the coronation of Napoleon in 1804, the French leader's ceremonial uniform included cape fasteners inlaid with aquamarines.

gem stone
Sterling silver & gold set with aquamarine by Aviram Toledo Ltd.


According to Roman mythology, Neptune gifted the mermaids with aquamarine.


Aquamarines are mined in Brazil, Russia, Madagascar, the United States, Zambia and Afghanistan.

Famous People Born in March

Michelangelo, Johann Strauss, Johann Sebastian Bach, Alexander Graham Bell

Orrana Jewellery Show Room, 21 Tuval St, Ramat Gan, Israel  972-3-6005559

© Copyright 2014 Israel Diamond Institute. All rights reserved
Terms of Use Privacy Policy
Israel Diamond Institute ewave
Access the Israel diamond institute portal
registred members
Forgot your password?